The thyroid gland is an unpaired endocrine gland, i.e. a gland with internal secretion, and it is located at the front in the lower part of the neck, below the larynx. It consists of two lobes, and thyroid hormones are necessary for health and for the normal functioning of our body. The thyroid produces the hormones T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine), which are secreted directly into our bloodstream and travel throughout the body. They regulate our basic metabolism, which means that every cell in our body needs them and is vital for growth, development and mental development, as well as breathing and heart function.
Some of the major thyroid disorders or diseases include hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid, hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid, thyroid nodules, and thyroid tumors. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves’ disease, an autoimmune thyroid disease, and hypothyroidism is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (thyroid inflammation), also an autoimmune thyroid disease.
Hypothyroidism is the only thyroid disease that does not require surgical intervention. It means weakened thyroid function, that is, a disease in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones, and its treatment is extremely simple. The lack of T3 or T4 thyroid hormones is simply compensated by therapy, i.e. a pill that is taken once a day.
At the Veir Polyclinic, our medical experts perform thorough and detailed examinations and consultations with patients, which lead to an accurate diagnosis of thyroid disease and an adequate way to treat it. If the patient is a candidate for the procedure, our specialists will make sure that the thyroid surgery is successful and with minimal discomfort for the patient.